German Reich

German Reich
Deutsches Reich was the official name for Germany from 1871 to 1945 in the German language. As the literal English translation "German Empire" denotes a monarchy, the term is used only in reference to Germany prior to the fall of the monarchies at the end of World War I in 1918. To refer to the entire 1871-1945 period, the partially translated "German Reich", which has no monarchical connotations, is often used. Informally, this nation was also simply known as Germany. The name "Deutsches Reich" was also often applied in contemporary maps to the Holy Roman Empire (911–1806). The history of Germany during the time of the German Reich is conventionally broken into three distinct periods: the monarchy presided over by Emperors from the Prussian House of Hohenzollern, known in English as the German Empire (1871–1918) the republic informally called the Weimar Republic (1919–33) the National Socialist state commonly known as the Third Reich or Nazi Germany (1933–45) Like its Latin counterpart, imperium, the word reich does not necessarily connote a monarchy; the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany used the name Deutsches Reich, while both were at least de jure republican in structure. Following the de-facto annexation of Austria in 1938, Germany informally named itself the Greater German Reich. This name was made the official state name only during the last two years (1943–45) of Nazi rule.


Notice: For data enrichment ZEFYS utilises database entries coming from freely available Internet-Sources (like Wikipedia, dbpedia, etc.) Please note, that these texts and documents are in the only responsibility of the respective supplier. In particular, the Berlin State Library is not able to fix broken hyperlinks within these texts or documents - we apologize for any inconvenience.