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Mauritius

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Mauritius
Not to be confused with Mauritania. Coordinates: 20°12′S 57°30′E / 20.2°S 57.5°E / -20.2; 57.5 Republic of MauritiusRepublik MorisRépublique de Maurice File:Flag of Mauritius. svg File:Coat of arms of Mauritius. svg Motto: "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" Anthem: "Motherland" File:Mauritius National Anthem. ogg File:LocationMauritius. png CapitalPort Louis Official language(s) English Vernacular Mauritian Creole, French, English, Rodriguan Creole Demonym Mauritian Government Parliamentary republic - President Sir Anerood Jugnauth - Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam Legislature Parliament - Lower House National Assembly Independence from the United Kingdom - Date 12 March 1968 - Republic 12 March 1992 Area - Total 2,040 km 787 sq mi - Water (%) 0.05 Population - 2008 estimate 1,288,000 - 2000 census 1,179,137 - Density 631.4/km 1,636.5/sq mi GDP 2010 estimate - Total $18.061 billion - Per capita $14,097 GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate - Total $9.729 billion - Per capita $7,593 HDI (2010) ▲ 0.701 (high) Currency Mauritian rupee Time zone MUT - Summer Drives on the left Internet TLD . mu Calling code 230 Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius is an island nation off the southeast coast of the African continent in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 kilometres (560 mi) east of Madagascar. In addition to the island of Mauritius, the Republic includes the islands of Cargados Carajos, Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands. Mauritius Island is part of the Mascarene Islands, with the French island of Réunion 200 km (120 mi) to the southwest and the island of Rodrigues 570 km (350 mi) to the northeast. Mauritius's area is 2040 km; its capital city is Port Louis. The British took control of the islands during the Napoleonic Wars, and Mauritius became independent from the UK in 1968. It is a parliamentary republic and is a member of the Southern African Development Community, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the African Union, La Francophonie and the Commonwealth of Nations. Mauritius has an upper middle income economy. The main languages spoken in Mauritius are Mauritian Creole, French and English. English is the only official language but the lingua franca is Mauritian Creole and the newspapers and television programmes are usually in French. Rodriguan Creole is a minority language and is spoken in certain parts of the country only. The country is composed of several ethnicities, including Asian, African, Chinese and French. The first European explorers found no indigenous people living on the island. The island of Mauritius is renowned for having been the only known home of the dodo. This bird was an easy prey to settlers due to its weight and inability to fly, and became extinct less than eighty years after the initial European colonization.


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