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Shozhma

Shozhma
Shozhma (in Russian Шожма) is a village in Russia in Arkhangelsk Oblast. It was founded as a railway station during the building of the railway from Vologda to Arkhangelsk at the end of 19th century. Before foundation of Shozhma station an older village with the name Shozhma, located approximately 14 km to east from the station, on the shore of river Shozhma existed (Derevnija Shozhma, rus. Деревня Шожма, Latitude. 61.93306°, Longitude. 40.51167°). Derevnija Shozhma (sometimes on the maps under name Kondratovskaja). By the myth village was established by two mens, Demid and Kondrat. They explored shores of Shozhma River. Kondrat travelled by the left shore and Demid by the right one. They found each other by the bonfire smokes and decided to build their homes there. Kondrat built his house on the left shore and Demid on the right shore. All the time Derevnija Shozhma splited by Shozhma River was divided into Kondratovskaja and Demidovskaja parts. In the village were several water- and windmills and was church. The willage survived full conflagration in summer 1927. y. (ca 200 buildings were destroyed). Only the village church remained (it was ruined in 1964. y.). Village was built up again by its residents. Isolated to the roads village was abandoned during a some period after Second World War (people were evacuated, most from buildings transported to Nyandoma, some burned). Today, there is practically nothing remained from the village . Shozhma Streets: Gagarina (ул Гагарина), Železodorožnaja (ул Железнодорожная), Zavodskaja (ул Заводская), Lesnaja (ул Лесная), Sadovaja (ул Садовая), Trubnaja (ул Трубная) ja Tsentralnaja (ул Центральная). A present village was all the time involved with forestry and production of wood. After the collapse of USSR a wood production in the village went down and practically stopped with the ending of 20th century. During this period a local, 750 mm narrow gauge railway on the eastern side from Arkhangelsk-Moscow railway for wood transportation from nearby forests was working also in Shozhma, which was completely disposed at the end of 20th century. Shozhma has connection only by railway and there is no motorway connection with it. During the Soviet Union period, up to 1985, a prison was located in Shozhma. Prisoners were involved in production of wood. In 1940-1941, during the Deportations, from the many parts of USSR and occupied nearby countries, for example Ukraine, Estonia, etc. , people deportated were located there.

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