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Trabzon

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Trabzon
For the Ottoman Province of Trabzon, see Vilayet of Trabzon. Trabzon File:Trabzonmontage. JPG File:Turkey location map. svgFile:Red pog. svgTrabzon Coordinates: 41°00′N 39°44′E / 41°N 39.733°E / 41; 39.733 Country File:Flag of Turkey. svg Turkey Province Trabzon Government - Mayor Orhan Fevzi Gümrükçüoğlu Area - Total 4,685 km (1,808.9 sq mi) Elevation 0 m (0 ft) Population (2009) - Total 230,399 - Density 258.7/km (670/sq mi) Time zone EET - Summer EEST Postal code 61xxx Area code(s) (+90) 462 Licence plate 61 Trabzon is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road, became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to Iran in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast. The Venetian and Genoese merchants paid visits to Trebizond during the medieval period and sold silk, linen and woolen fabric; with the Republic of Genoa having an important merchant colony within the city that was similar to Galata near Constantinople in present-day Istanbul. Trabzon formed the basis of several states in its long history and was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond between 1204 and 1461. During the Ottoman period, Trabzon, because of the importance of its port, became a focal point of trade to Iran and the Caucasus. The population of the city is 230,399 (2009 census).

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